Emergy Research Papers

Papers on Emergy Research 

Several requests have been made to the membership to send in the references for their recently published papers (i.e., papers published within the past two years); however, there has been little response. The papers displayed in this section are the ones that fit the criteria and have been received to date.  If you have an emergy research paper published, on or after January 1, 2014, it can be listed here. Please send the reference for your paper to to admin@isaer.org. Please, include the link to your paper if it is published as Open Access.


Campbell, Daniel E.

Emergy evaluations of the global biogeochemical cycles of six biologically active elements and two compounds.

Daniel E. Campbell, Hongfang Lu, Bin-Le Lin

Ecological Modelling 271 (2014) 32– 51.



Environmental Goods and Services: Economic and Non-Economic Methods for Valuing

Daniel E. Campbell

Encyclopedia of Natural Resources: Land

Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:


Published online: 21 Oct 2014



Emergy Evaluation of Formal Education in the United States: 1870 to 2011†

Daniel E. Campbell and Hongfang Lu

Systems 20142(3), 328-365; doi:10.3390/systems2030328


Open access at: http://www.mdpi.com/2079-8954/2/3/328

Article Link: http://www.tandfonline.com/action/doSearch?AllField=Economic+and+Noneconomic+Methods+for+Valuing


Relationships among the energy, emergy, and money flows of the United States from 1900 to 2011

Daniel Elliott Campbell, Hongfang Lu, Henry Allen Walker


Front. Energy Res., 17 October 2014 | http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2014.00041