Emergy Foundations

Emergy Foundations

Emergy scholarship is the most direct way to gain a full understanding of emergy and emergy research.  This is a brief list of some foundational emergy publications.




  • Odum, H.T. 1996. Environmental Accounting: Emergy and Decision Making. John Wiley, NY. 370 pp.
  • Odum, H.T., E.C. Odum and M.T. Brown. 1998. Environment and Society in Florida. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, FL. 449 pp.
  • Odum, H.T. and E.C. Odum. 2000. Modeling for All Scales, an Introduction to System Simulation. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 458 pp.


An Encyclopedia introduction to Emergy Analysis is available here: